BharatQR - world’s first interoperable QR code acceptance solution launches in India


BharatQR was developed by the payments industry to expedite India’s transition to a less-cash society


Shri. R. Gandhi, Deputy Governor, Reserve Bank of India today launched BharatQR, a world first interoperable and low cost acceptance solution, developed by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), Mastercard, and Visa.

BharatQR was devised based on the direction set by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in September 2016 and its Payments Vision 2018, which outlines innovation, interoperability, and security as the three pillars to facilitate India’s transition to a less–cash society.

Launching the solution, Shri. R. Gandhi, Deputy Governor, Reserve Bank of India, said, “This is a momentous occasion for the payments industry in India with the launch of this global first of kind low cost interoperable mobile based acceptance solution.  I would like to congratulate the payment networks for their enthusiastic collaboration to develop this solution. Innovative interoperable solutions, like BharatQR, that are easy to scale, provide a seamless customer experience, and above all are safe and secure, are essential to accelerating India’s transition to a less–cash society. I am glad that India is setting yet another standard in the payment arena for others to adopt.”

BharatQR has three key benefits. First, consumers will not need to scan different QR codes at the same merchant provided by the different payment networks[1]. Second, merchants will only need to display one QR code at the storefront or through the acquiring bank’s mobile application. Third, the underlying specification for BharatQR can be implemented in other countries to deliver a globally interoperable solution.

Importantly, the implementation of the BharatQR standards will be seamless and only happen at the backend, meaning merchants do not need to change their existing QR codes.

NPCI, Mastercard and Visa developed BharatQR with provisions for three additional fields: 1) Bank account and IFS code, 2) Unified Payments Interface, and 3) Aadhaar. These additional fields provide banks the option to populate them as QR based payments scale in the country. American Express is also on board to adopt these standards.

A number of leading banks are already operationally ready to deploy BharatQR, including Axis Bank, Bank of Baroda, Bank of India, Citi Union Bank, Development Credit Bank, Karur Vysya Bank, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, IDBI Bank, RBL Bank, State Bank of India, Union Bank of India, Vijaya Bank and Yes Bank. Many other leading banks are also at various stages of implementation. 

Shri. T.R. Ramachandran, Group Country Manager, India & South Asia, Visa, said:

“We are proud to have contributed to the development of BharatQR as we believe it has the potential to significantly accelerate the growth of electronic payments acceptance in the country. This is especially true for small merchants, as it is low cost and easy to implement, eliminating the need for traditional POS hardware. The success of mVisa has proven a QR code solution to be scalable, secure and easy to use, with acceptance at more than 60,000 merchants across the country. We look forward to continuing to partner with our clients, merchants and the government to innovate and to expand access to digital payments in India.”

BharatQR’s interoperability, coupled with the low-cost acceptance method, will facilitate rapid adoption by smartphone users who will simply have to “scan to pay”. Described in the industry as “push payments”, such transactions are considered highly secure as they are “customer–initiated”, instead of “merchant–initiated” and no personal information needs to be shared with the merchant.

According to International Data Corporation  (IDC) that the “smartphone market in India crossed the 30 million unit shipments milestone for the first time ever in a quarter in CY Q3 2016 maintaining its healthy traction with 11 percent year–on–year growth”[2].


[1] Non-bank PPI Operators are not covered under the RBI directive.



About Visa Inc.

Visa is a global payments technology company that connects consumers, businesses, financial institutions, and governments in more than 200 countries and territories to fast, secure and reliable electronic payments. We operate one of the world’s most advanced processing networks - VisaNet - that is capable of handling more than 65,000 transaction messages a second, with fraud protection for consumers and assured payment for merchants. Visa is not a bank and does not issue cards, extend credit or set rates and fees for consumers. Visa’s innovations, however, enable its financial institution customers to offer consumers more choices: pay now with debit, ahead of time with prepaid or later with credit products. For more information visit